Victorian Beauty: History Makeup of the 1800’s

Victorian Beauty: makeup of the 1800’s

imageI

magine if makeup was reserved for only actors to wear. Through most of the 1800’s this was the rule and makeup was considered obscene. Those who did wear makeup kept their makeup hidden from others.

The term makeup wasn’t immediately introduced until a little later in the century. Cosmetics was the word used to encompass any substance used on the skin to modify one’s appearance.

Similar to the previous century, makeup was used to mask blemishes. People of every social status wore makeup. However, in the mid 1800’s Queen Victoria claimed that the use of makeup be restricted solely for actors. She insisted that wearing makeup was vulgar. News of this claim carried across the pond and was implemented in North America as well.

Towards the end of the 1700’s, women began to embrace an understated look. Everyone kept their makeup a secret. Women of a higher social class could hide it in their toilet tables (also known as a vanity). Many of these were built with secret compartments in which they hid their makeup. Middle class women who could not afford such luxuries opted for a medicine chest. They used this to also keep their makeup hidden. Nearly every apothecary carried medicine chests for a fair price.

Moving through the century, men no longer saw the need to wear heavy face paints. They did, however, continue to use it as a moisturizer or to cover up blemishes. Everyone at this point used makeup sparingly. As they did with manicures, they aimed at keeping makeup natural looking. Cheeks were worn rosy by pinching the cheeks, lips were worn red and mascara made of beeswax helped accentuate the eyes.

Makeup has come a long way since the Victorian days. Nowadays, people still wear makeup to cover up blemishes. However, it is no longer considered vulgar to wear. People now wear it various ways. Some wear the natural look, while others wear it really heavy. It is not strictly reserved for actors anymore!

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty

The History of Mascara

Let’s take a quick journey into the history of mascara; when it was first used, who used it, and how it’s been made over the years.

Mascara has long been used for women not only as a way to enhance their beauty, but to also ward off bad spirits and ill-wishers.

It began as far as 3400-30 B.C., when mascara was first worn by men and women in Egypt who were looking to protect their soul. Back then, masarticle-2573197-1C0A070F00000578-729_634x564cara was made from a combination of crocodile stool, water and honey, galena, malachite, charcoal or soot and Kohl which was also used to darken eyelashes, eyes, and eyebrows. Not only was this a way for the Egyptians to wear mascara but Kohl was also used by Babylonian, Greek and Roman empires.

In the 1830’s during the Victorian Era, mascara was made at home with a heated mixture of ash or lamp black along with elderberry juice which they mixed together to apply to the eyelashes.

It wasn’t until the 19th century when mascara was created similar to the way it is made now. In 1917, a chemist, Eugene Rimmel created the first packaged mascara using the fairly-new patented, Petroleum Jelly along with black coal dust.

In the United States in 1913, T. L. Williams made his own mascara product for his sister, Maybel which in 1915 he made into a mail-order business company that has grown into Maybelline. During this time, mascara was still messy and with little improvement 195-helena-rubinstein-960x605-2being made, but in 1957 Helena Rubinstein while in Paris created a lotion-based cream that was packaged in a tube and sold with a
brush unlike the previous hard cake creations.

Today, mascara can be found in an array of different colors, brands, in waterproof/washable formulas, and can be used to create almost any eyelash effect and length.

For more style visit, www.elluminize.com

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty

What Is Shellac Nail Polish? How Do I Wear It?

Learn what shellac nail polish is and how to wear it!

In order to know if shellac polish is for you and how to wear it, you first must know what it is.

  

What is Shellac?

Shellac is actually a resin secreted by the female lac bug which she inserts into the trees in the forests of India and Thailand. The shellac which is a combination of the words, shell and lac; a translation of the French word, laque en écailles (lac in thin pieces), refers to the process in which the shellac is sold in dry flakes. To make liquid, shellac which is used to bring shine and luster to everything from wood, to phonograph records, to nail polishes, the shellac is dissolved in ethanol to make liquid.

What is Shellac Polish?

Shellac Polish hit the market around 2010 by California Company, Creative Nail Design (CND). It is known as a hybrid of the very popular gel manicure. Shellac polish is a patented gel used to apply on the nails to build a thick new surface which is glossy and attractive. The gel is then hardened under UV light and smoothed and sculpted with an electric file before adding polish.

Below you will find some tips to make your shellac nails last and look great:

  • Opt for a professional. Like all nail methods, we recommend for the best results you opt to have a professional do you nails to make them look flawless.
  • Wear gloves when cleaning. This especially stands true if your household chore is to washes dishes! Although this method is bound to last longer than a traditional manicure, there is no way it can take all the water and dish liquid.
  • Know how to remove the shellac polish. You have to know the proper way to remove the polish because it can really damage your nails. Below we have a simple way to remove at home:
  1. Soak cotton in acetone.
  2. Place soaked cotton on top of finger nails and wrap with aluminum foil.
  3. Let set for about 2-3 minutes.
  4. Remove aluminum foil and cotton ball from nails and apply solar oil from Creative Nail Design before buffing your nails.
  5. Begin to file nails to smooth out roughness.

For more beauty visit, www.elluminize.com

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty

How to Sanitize Your Makeup Brushes

Read our quick and simple tips on how to sanitize your makeup brushes.

  Although it may not be on the top of your mandatory daily to do-list, after reading this post you should be inspired to make cleaning your makeup brushes a must-do to maintain good health and spotless brushes.

Why is it important to sanitize your brushes?

Sanitizing your makeup brushes regularly is very important to your health to prevent bacteria that will be placed on your skin. It also keeps your brushes in tip-top order and ready to use. Most importantly, it keeps your colors from getting mixed up.

How often should you sanitize your makeup brushes?

You should aim to sanitize your makeup brushes at least once a week if you use your brushes daily. For every other day, opt for cleaning 2x a month. For one or two times a week clean once a month.

What are some great products for cleaning your makeup brushes?

Great products for cleaning your makeup brushes are MAC Brush Cleanser ($15.00) and the Estée Lauder Makeup Brush Cleanser ($16.50) which you simply need to dampen the brushes and apply cleanser. You then use your fingers to work into lather. Rinse well, then blot excess water with a paper towel and reshape the brush. Lay flat to dry at the edge of table with bristles pointing out to air dry completely.

If you need a less expensive alternative to the over the counter cleaners there is always the DIY option!

Make your own makeup brush cleaner:

Fill a spray bottle with distilled water and ¼ parts of Dr. Bonner’s Mild Unscented Baby Soap. For example if you used an 8oz: 2oz of Dr. Bonner and 6oz of distilled water. It is just that simple! All you need to do is clean your brushes and let them dry overnight!

For more beauty visit, www.elluminize.com

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty

Shoes of the 1700s Style 

  Shoes during the 1700’s have quite a unique history! High heeled shoes were outlawed. The creation of another type of shoe, popular today, was born.   Shoes evolved in many ways during this time leading to the various forms we recognize today!

 

People of every social status owned and wore shoes. However, the common woman owned maybe one or two pairs of shoes. Members of the upper class, on the other hand, owned many pairs. Some popular shoes of the time were high heels and mules (which were closed toed shoes that didn’t have a back).

 

Early on in the 1700’s, high heels were banned for common people to use. Louis XIV declared that only the upper class were allowed to wear red colored heels. He also stated that no one was allowed to wear heels higher than his. This continued to be a trend when Napoleon Bonaparte outlawed high heels from being worn in the latter part of the 1700’s. He did this as a means to show equality.

 

Similar to makeup and corsets, high heels were another ‘form altering’ item that were considered illegal in the Massachusetts Colony. One could even be tried as a witch for wearing them!

 

The composition of heels changed from the previous period. Heels were now curved and the toe was pointed. The heels worn by the upper class were sometimes encrusted with jewels. Most other shoes were made of leather and had a buckle. The buckle was also sometimes encrusted with jewels. Others were adorned with metal tipped laces. Laces were made of leather, braided fibers or silk ribbons. The price of shoes, during the 1700’s, ranged anywhere from 75 to 85 cents.

 

Interestingly, shoes were not made for right or left feet like we are accustomed to today! To balance out the wear on the shoes people had to alternate shoes from one foot to another. In the late 1700’s, when Napoleon outlawed heels, the reconstruction of the shoe took place. Shoes were now available with rights and lefts which made them more comfortable. This led to the creation of yet another shoe very popular today… the Oxford.

 

The Oxford was created because of rebellion to stylish footwear by none other than Oxford University students. These shoes had lowered heels and were very comfortable.

 

Shoes were made by cordwainers also known as shoemakers. Shoemakers used many tools such as a hammer, awls (small pointed tool used to pierce holes in leather), string and pegs to make shoes. Some of the shoemakers would pay women to sew the uppers. They would then turn around and assign men to attach (peg) these pre-sewn uppers to the soles using a thick leather. The most efficient method of securing soles and heels to the uppers was shoe pegging.

 

Shoe pegging was the best way to extend the life of shoes making them sturdier. Other ways of accomplishing this was to either nail or stitch. Pegging was more cost effective over sewing. Pegs were made of various wooden sources such as maple, birch or beech. Shoe nails were made of iron.

 

Shoes have come a long way!! From being outlawed to the improved construction of the shoe. The introduction of new styles of shoes contribute to fashion as we know it today. We now have array of shoe choices to fit our lifestyles! 

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty

The Ingredients in Mascara

Let’s take a quick journey into the history of mascara; when it was first used, who used it, and how it’s been made over the years

IMG_0992Mascara has long been used for women not only as a way to enhance their beauty, but to also ward off bad spirits and ill-wishers.

It began as far as 3400-30 B.C., when mascara was first worn by men and   

women in Egypt who were looking to protect their soul. Back then, mascara was made from a combination of crocodile stool, water and honey, galena, malachite, charcoal or soot and Kohl which was also used to darken eyelashes, eyes, and eyebrows. Not only was this a way for the Egyptians to wear mascara but Kohl was also used by Babylonian, Greek and Roman empires.

In the 1830’s during the Victorian Era, mascara was made at home with a heated mixture of ash or lamp black along with elderberry juice which they mixed together to apply to the eyelashes.

It wasn’t until the 19th century when mascara was created similar to the way it is made now. In 1917, a chemist, Eugene Rimmel created the first packaged mascara using the fairly-new patented, Petroleum Jelly along with black coal dust.IMG_0991

In the United States in 1913, T. L. Williams made his own mascara product for his sister, Maybel which in 1915 he made into a mail-order business company that has grown into Maybelline. During this time, mascara was still messy and with little improvement being made, but in 1957 Helena Rubinstein while in Paris created a lotion-based cream that was packaged in a tube and sold with a brush unlike the previous hard cake creations.

In spite of the constant evolution of mascara, the basic elements have always been the pigmentation, oils and waxes.  Other common ingredients found in mascara are linseed oil, castor oil, eucalyptus oil, lanolin, and sesame oil. Most common waxes found in mascara are paraffin wax, carnauba and beeswax.  Ceresin, gum, tragacanth, and methyl cellulose are regular ingredients added to act as stiffeners.

The ingredients that in mascara are different depending on the specific make of the product. For example, water-resistant mascara contains, Dodecanese. Non water-resistant mascaras have water-soluble base ingredients. And mascara for curl sometimes contains nylon, rayon or microfibers to add volume.

Whether you are one that loves using mascara to add extra depth to your eyes or you like to make your extensions look more natural, mascara is one cosmetic item that has always been eye-catching and eye-popping.

BONUS: Did you know that water based mascaras work better on eyelash extensions because there is no oil in the product? This is good because oils break downs the eyelash extensions adhesive.  Now you know!

For more beauty visit, www.elluminize.com

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty

Makeup History of the 1700’s

Could you imagine being arrested for wearing makeup or risking illness just to wear it? The history of makeup dates as far back as the 1700’s. In it’s time makeup was quite scandalous and poisonous!

unnamedMakeup, also referred to as cosmetics, describes the materials used to enhance one’s beauty applied to one’s face.The word cosmetics comes to us from the Greek word kosmetike. This meant “the art of dress and ornament”.

During the Enlightenment and the French Revolution, makeup was a strong indication of social status. Established by Louis XIV, the toilette was the process of attending to one’s appearance in front of an audience. It was a daily ceremony in which the upper class and royalty were dressed including hair and makeup.

With the arrival of smallpox (a viral disease identified with a high fever & large pustules on the skin), people were left scarred by pustules and sought out a means to cover up the marks. Enter makeup… People looked to makeup and patch boxes to cover these blemishes.

Patch boxes were small patches of various materials that covered scars. They were made of velvet, silk, leather and taffeta. Some were dyed with colors and many had shapes like hearts, dots and stars. Considered to be very stylish at the time, these patch boxes began to carry certain connotations. The placement on one’s face indicated if one were married, a mistress, engaged and even flirtatious.

Of course, those who chose not to wear patch boxes opted for makeup. The standard way of fashioning makeup was to have a pale complexion, rosy cheeks and lips softly tinted red. Makeup consisted of a few things rouge, foundation, face powder & eyebrow pencils. Rouge, a French word for red, was applied to the cheeks with wet pieces of wool. It’s goal was to the create the illusion of plump, rosy cheeks against pale powdered complexions. This was followed by rouge also applied to the lips.

Makeup at this time was made of suspicious ingredients. Rouge contained Carmine a lead based pigment. Foundation and face powder were made of lightly flaked white lead. Arsenic was another ingredient found in makeup. Many of these ingredients were poisonous and frequent use resulted in illness or death.

Towards the late 1700’s makeup went to limited use with the exception of rouge. At this time, makeup began to carry a stigma of being worn solely by prostitutes. The church wanted to restore modesty to women and condemned painted faces. Wearing makeup was considered vulgar. Makeup was also considered a deceptive practice comparable to witchcraft. So in the late 1700’s Parliament enforced a law making any ‘form altering’ illegal. This included form altering clothing such as corsets and makeup.

Throughout the decades makeup has progressed! Laws have changed since the 1700’s. Today, you won’t be arrested and tried as a witch for wearing makeup. It has improved in terms of ingredients, tools and much more. We now have a numerous variety of beauty aids and colors. Application has changed by more than a swatch of wool to brushes and more. Makeup has evolved from homemade poisonous products into a $100 billion dollar a year industry worldwide!

 

elluminize.com

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty